Child learning to read map

Development and Nutrition for Children above 1 Year Old

Congratulations! Your 1 year old child has matured and developed. Thus, a toddler’s physical, emotional, and linguistic development are all clear signs of development and growth1.

As for most mothers, their child’s growth and development is a source of excitement and joy. Moreover, these first steps are a sign of their child’s continuous growth and maturity. Anyway, as mothers, you should enjoy and keep these precious moments of progress in your hearts.

First of all, in order to measure their toddlers’ growth, mothers should make a checklist on each facet of a 1 year old’s development2. Can your child already do these things? What hasn’t he or she learned yet?

Developmental Checklist

Aspects of a 1 year old’s development

Intellectual Development Can your child do it? How can mothers encourage growth?
Your child is able to sort objects such as toys by their color and shape3.   During play time, encourage your child to play with toys by sorting and identifying them by their color and/or shape4. See if your children can accomplish the task on their own. If they are still unable, you can help by serving as an example.
Your child can “play pretend” or mimic certain daily activities like using a spatula during play time to imitate the action of eating food3.   Be engaged when your child is “playing pretend.” Ask questions such as who are you pretending to be, what are you doing, what object are you using5.In addition, try encouraging your child to solve basic problems3. For example, put their toy in a place that they cannot reach easily and ask them to pick it up or clean it up. You can observe how the child attempts to solve the problem presented.
Your child can learn through play, observation and repetition of various tasks3. For example they can learn how to pour water into a cup by constant observation and repetition.   During this time, children learn through the repetition of trial and error.3 As mothers, you should allow your child space to play and make mistakes. Don’t get annoyed when you see your child making a mess when they try to mimic actions like pouring water for example.s
Your child has a better memory. For example, he or she can recall things and events he or she saw in a book they read3.   Invite children to talk about the details of things near them, then ask to recall the children about what they have said, such as pictures in books, names of animals that they like. Be engaged when you talk to your children. Ask them to recall details from books that were read to them or events they experienced. For example, ask about the names of the places or animals they liked.
Your child is able to stack or put boxes inside bigger boxes (object and spatial recognition)3.   Find boxes of various sizes. Observe if your child can sort which is bigger and place the smaller ones inside. If your child can’t do it yet, try doing it for him or her so they can learn by imitation.
Physical Development    
Your child can stand up by himself or herself6.   If your child still can’t stand up, you can encourage him or her when they are sitting. If they still can’t stand up by themselves, you can act as a support. You can gradually reduce your support until they can stand up on their own.
Your child can pull themselves up into standing position6.   Encourage them through song, dance and play to stand up straight. Mothers can also serve as an example by stretching and standing straight themselves.
Your child can walk more than 1-2 steps6.   Encourage your child to walk towards you or other things. Make sure you are nearby and ready to support in case they stumble and fall.
Your child can do activities like opening the lid (fine motor skills)6.   You can encourage your child through play. Try to see if your child can perform activities that require good finger control such as opening the lid, or drawing with crayons. If your child still can’t accomplish these tasks, you can serve as an example that your child can imitate.
Your child may help you when dressing them by extending an arm or leg6.   You can improvise a game that requires them to take off their socks. This can help them get used to the activity. It’s important to be patient as your child might not immediately do what you ask.
Communication and Language Development    
Your child can mouth off words such as “mama,” or “dada”6.   Constantly talk with your children. Use simple words while speaking slowly and clearly so they can pick up on speech better. You can also use storybooks and pictures to increase your child’s vocabulary.
Is able to understand basic sentences. For example, your child will understand and follow when you say something like “look at those birds in the trees”3.   Encourage your children to observe their surroundings every day3. Talk to them and try to ask them about the details that they found3. For example you can ask them what color the flowers were or how many birds did they see outside.
Your child is able to produce a variety of sounds such from high and low pitches6.   Your child’s ability to produce a variety of sounds shows that they understand the importance of sound in communication. You can encourage your child by talking to your child normally. Everyday speech is normally comprised of a variety of tones.
Your child can communicate ‘no’ by shaking their head6.   Teach your child to say “no,” when they dislike something instead of crying or screaming.
Your child is capable of communicating his or her needs through pointing or making noise6.   When your child needs something, ask them first what it is they want. This can encourage them to be specific and use words to communicate3. You can also help develop your child’s vocabulary by telling them the name of the object they want or need.
Emotional and Social Development    
Your child has a greater sense of humor and is laughing more7.   Keep your child in a good mood through play. Make sure your child is having fun when they are doing these activities.
Your child has grown an attachment to his or her things such as pillows, or blankets8.   It is normal for your child to grow attached to things that they like. It is a way for your child to create emotional stability. As mothers, avoid prohibiting or taking away these things. Doing so can lead to a negative impact on your child’s emotional development.
At this age, children will generally dislike being taken away from their mothers8.   Children will normally cry and dislike being taken away from their mothers. You should allow them to bond with other family members so it is easier for them to adjust to being without you.
Your child is capable of waiting9.   Being patient and waiting is a sign of emotional development. As mothers, you should teach your child to wait. You can encourage this by not immediately responding to him or her. You can slowly introduce this concept in your daily activities.

After going through this list and seeing your child accomplish all of these tasks, he or she is considered to have developed well. However, your child being unable to perform 1 or 2 tasks does not necessarily mean that they have a problem in that area of development. Nonetheless, children will develop at their own pace6. For instance, when your child is facing difficulties, you will need to encourage and support them as parents. As such, toddlers, especially in their first year, have immense potential. Ultimately, you must serve as an example and guide so that they can learn and grow from new experiences and lessons.

Nutrients for your child’s growth and development

In their first year, toddlers will continuously develop in numerous ways. As such, it is important that they receive essential nutrients to ensure maximum growth. Furthermore, mothers should pay attention to the daily nutrients that their child takes from their meals. Next, they need to ensure with regards to one year old child nutrition, these nutrients are sufficient for their child’s developmental needs. Hence, along with the 5 nutrient groups, there are also other vital nutrients that can support and stimulate your child’s growth. Therefore, mothers must ensure that their growing child also receives these nutrients.

  • MFGM
    MFGM stands for milk fat globule membrane and is key in your one year old’s nutrition. For instance, it contains various nutrients that can be found in milk like complex fats and proteins. In fact, these substances are beneficial and stimulate the development of many areas including the brain.

  • Better intelligence development
    First, studies have shown that MFGM helps in strengthening brain cell connections while working hand-in-hand with DHA. As a matter of fact, intelligence scores from children who took these supplements were higher in comparison to those who did not10.

  • Immunity
    Second, pandemics can occur at any moment nowadays. As such, it is a constant concern for mothers that their child might be infected by disease. In regards to this, research has found that these nutritional components can help reduce episodes of fever in children11.

  • Improved language and communication development
    On the other hand, children who took the milk fat globule membrane supplementation had better language and communication skills compared to those who did not take the supplement12.

  • Better physical development
    Likewise, research has found that children with MFGM supplementation had greater physical development compared to those who did not12.

  • DHA
    DHA is an essential fatty acid that is fundamental in the structure of the brain and retinal cells13. Therefore, this makes DHA necessary in one year old child nutrition when it comes to brain and eye development. However, our bodies are incapable of producing DHA by themselves. As such, our only source would be from food13. Seafood and certain dairy products are good sources for DHA.

  • Choline
    Choline is vital in one year old child nutrition and plays an important role in the creation of neurotransmitters14. In fact, these are important for the communication between cells. Furthermore, it is the main component of various cells including the ones in our brains. Therefore, choline is important in improving one’s memory and learning15.

  • Vitamin B12
    Vitamin B12 helps in the development of the nervous system and brain16. Therefore, this vitamin is important in the development of ideas and thoughts that children have. As such, it is vital to receive an adequate amount of vitamin B12 for one year old child nutrition16.

  • Prebiotics (fructooligosaccharides or FOS)
    Prebiotics, such as fructooligosaccharides or FOS have a positive effect on the gut microbiota, improving how some other nutrients are absorbed17. In addition, they contain anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties.

  • Yeast Beta Glucan
    Yeast beta glucan boosts physical endurance in children with respiratory problems and helps improve their mucosal immunity18.

In conclusion, children develop at a rapid pace during their first year. Their bodies are always hungry and on the lookout for good nutrition. MFGM and DHA are important for brain development, while MFGM, DHA, Prebiotics (FOS) and Yeast Beta Glucan help develop a child's immunity. Immunity is essential for growing children as this enables better brain development during their most formative years19.

For a one year old’s nutrition, they need to consistently have these growing needs met. Therefore, as mothers, it’s important to provide your children with proper nutrition to ensure greater qualitative development in all areas. Lastly, nothing brings more joy to mothers than seeing their child grow and develop to their full potential.

 

REFERENCES:

1. Milestones at 1 year (n.d.). Retrieved August 4, 2020 from:
https://childmind.org/guide/developmental-milestones/milestones-at-1-year/

2. Important Milestones: Your Child by One Year (2020). Retrieved August 4, 2020 from:
https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/milestones/milestones-1yr.html

3. Developing Thinking Skills from 12-36 Months (May 19, 2016). Retrieved November 2, 2020 from:
https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/1290-developing-thinking-skills-from-24-36-months

4. Learning Through Play: 12 to 24 Months (2016). Retrieved October 19, 2020 from:
https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/1088-learning-through-play-12-to-24-months

5. 5Engage in Imaginative Play with Your Kids (August 7, 2018). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://childrensmd.org/browse-by-topic/behavior-development/benefits-of-imaginative-play/

6. Developmental Milestones for Typical 1-Year-Olds (n.d.). Retrieved September 2, 2020 from:
https://www.understood.org/en/learning-thinking-differences/signs-symptoms/developmental-milestones/developmental-milestones-for-typical-1-year-olds

7. Encouraging Your Child's Sense of Humor (June 2015). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/child-humor.html

8. 8Developmental Milestones at 1 Year (23 Oct, 2019). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://childmind.org/guide/developmental-milestones/milestones-at-1-year/

9. The Waiting Game: Encouraging Self-Regulation in Young Children (2 October, 2018). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/the_waiting_game_encouraging_self_regulation_in_young_children

10. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a fundamental fatty acid for the brain (August 2017). Retrieved from:
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319126372_Docosahexaenoic_acid_DHA_a_fundamental_fatty_acid_for_the_brain_New_Dietary_Sources

11. Milk fat globule membrane (INPULSE) enriched formula milk decreases febrile episodes and may improve behavioral regulation in young children (July 2012). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22305534/

12. MFGM, A Breakthrough Innovation in Children Nutrition. Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://my.theasianparent.com/mfgm-breakthrough-innovation-children-nutrition

13. Omega-3 for your eyes (August 2012). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/omega-3-for-your-eyes

14. Choline (Last updated July 10, 2020). Retrieved September 2, 2020 from:
https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Choline-HealthProfessional/

15. Neuroprotective Actions of Dietary Choline (August 2017). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579609/

16. B Vitamins in the nervous system: Current knowledge of the biochemical modes of action and synergies of thiamine, pyridoxine, and cobalamin (6 September, 2019). Retrieved October 20, 2020 from:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cns.13207

17. Changes in nutrient absorption in children and adolescents caused by fructans, especially fructooligosaccharides and inulin (April 2020). Retrieved September 2, 2020 from:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0929693X20300191

18. β-glucan affects mucosal immunity in children with chronic respiratory problems under physical stress: clinical trials (March 2015). Retrieved September 2, 2020 from:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4381477/

19. Study: Immune System has Dramatic Impact on Children's Brain Development (February 26, 2014). Retrieved September 2, 2020 from:
https://news.virginia.edu/content/study-immune-system-has-dramatic-impact-children-s-brain-development